Self Balancing Scooter Hoverboard How To

Everything You Need To Know About Your Vecaro Hoverboard

First, lets look at the components inside your hoverboard:

  • A aluminium frame with a central pivot
  • A logic board
  • Two gyroscopes
  • Two infrared sensors
  • Two electric motors (located inside the wheels)
  • Two tilt/speed sensors (located inside the wheels)
  • Charging port
  • Power switch
  • A battery pack
  • LED lights
  • Pressure pads
  • A plastic shell

The wheels of the hoverboard house the electric motors themselves. They also contain a tilt and speed sensor. This detects the rpm (revolutions per minute) of the individual wheel, and sends it to the gyroscope and speed control boards, located inside the main body, right next to the wheels.

The gyroscope and speed control boards receive the rpms and tilt information from the sensor inside the wheels, and they, in turn, send it to the main logic board.When you calibrate your board, the gyroscopes are basically “zeroed”, as in, you’re telling the gyroscopes, “this is flat, hence this is when the hoverboard’s tilt is at 0”

The motherboard is the “brain” of your hoverboard, and it’s where the processor computes in real time the status of the board, the speed at which you’re travelling, and the relative speed and tilt of the individual wheels (because, for example, when you turn the two wheels have opposing tilts, and hence opposing rpms and motion).

The battery pack is what keeps your board going. Most battery packs out there are 36V 4400mAH battery packs, ours are 42V 4400mAH.

When you lean forward, the front switch is pushed down, and a little plastic “wall” slides in-between an infrared LED and an infrared sensor. As long as the sensor detects the light, the logic board will “tell” the motors to be still. But when the light is interrupted (because of the switch being pushed down by your weight), the board tells the motor to spin in a particular direction. So, for example, if you’re turning left, your foot activates the front right switch, making the right wheel spin forward, while your left foot activates the back left switch, making the left wheel spin backwards. It’s very clever.

The tilt sensors in the wheels tell the gyroscopes how far forward you’re leaning. The gyroscopes relay this information to the logic board. The more you’re leaning forward, the faster the logic board tells the motors to spin, to sort of “catch up” with your center of gravity. It’s this simple (yet very clever) mechanism which allows you to control the cruising speed of the scooter with your weight